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Cyprus

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Chapter Summary

The Muslim presence in Cyprus dates from the seventh century, but Islam took root, grew, and was institutionalised in the island during the period of Ottoman rule (1571-1878). Cyprus was a British colony from 1878 until 1960, when the island gained its independence and the Republic of Cyprus (RoC) is formed. The two primary Muslim organisations in Cyprus are the Waqfs which manages the affairs of land and business holdings that have been donated for religious purposes, and the Müftü (or Mufti) who is the official spiritual head of the community. The clergy operating and performing their duties in north Cyprus are attached to two authorities, the Directorate of Religious Affairs (DRA) and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The usual religious holidays were celebrated in both sides of the island in 2012.

Keywords:Directorate of Religious Affairs (DRA); Islam; Müftü; Republic of Cyprus (RoC); Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC); Waqfs

10.1163/9789004255869_012
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