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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates that Salaman va Absal contains valuable historical information about the political, religious, cultural, and ethical dynamics. The first level of meaning of Salaman va Absal concerns the ethical and political advice it proffers on the art of good governance. The second level of meaning on which the tale of Salaman va Absal is to be understood is mystical. Throughout his tale, Jami presents Ya'qub with advice on two fundamental requirements of the mystical path, namely, repentance (tauba) and subjugation of the carnal soul (nafs). In making repentance the dominant theme of Salaman va Absal, Jami intended his Aq Qoyunlu audience to recognize that the narrative depicts symbolically the initial stages of the spiritual transformation of the soul. Finally, the conclusion to Salaman va Absal depicts the visionary mystical experience of the heart.

Keywords: Salaman va Absal; spiritual transformation; subjugation



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