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3. The Religious and Political Influences of Sufis at the Āq Qoyūnlū Courts of Ūzūn Ḥasan and Yaʿqūb

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the political activities of Sufi mystics, especially Naqshbandīs, at the royal court and civil administrations of Ūzūn Ḥasan and his son, Yaʿqūb. Other Sufi mystical figures are also mentioned in connection with Ūzūn Ḥasan's rise to power. Support for Ūzūn Ḥasan's claim to rule came from other quarters as well. Ūzūn Ḥasan as Naqshbandīs, does at least suggest that the lexicon of Sufism was known at the highest echelons of the Āq Qoyūnlū administration. Not all Naqshbandīs in Tabriz shared the happy fate of Ṣunʿ Allāh. For example, a certain Darvīsh Sirāj al-Dīn b. Qāżī ʿUmar Qāsim fell victim to Yaʿqūb's volatile temperament in a brutal incident that is recorded in several Persian and European sources. In at least one of the letters Yaʿqūb justifies his request for Jāmī's blessings (barakāt) by portraying himself as a supporter of Sufi mystics.

Keywords: Ūzūn Ḥasan; barakāt; Sufi mystics; Yaʿqūb



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