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4. Poetry at the Court of Yaʿqūb and its Background in Establishing an Historical Context for Salāmān va Absāl

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Chapter Summary

The circle of poets at the court of Yaʿqūb included luminaries as Ahlī Shīrāzī, Kamāl al-Dīn Banāʾī Haravī, Shahīdī Qumī, and Bābā Fighānī. It is worth mentioning that Salāmān va Absāl was not the only ethical masnavī dedicated and addressed to Yaʿqūb. It might be said that, because of his influence on a poet like Shahīdī Qumī (and perhaps Bābā Fighānī) along with the fact that he addressed his Salāmān va Absāl to Yaʿqūb, Jāmī could also be considered an "Āq Qoyūnlū poet". The artistic vibrancy of Yaʿqūb's court in Tabriz, which rivaled its Timurid counterpart in Herat, is reflected in the Hasht bihisht by Qazvīnī. The Hasht bihisht contains the names of some forty poets and dilettantes attached to the Āq Qoyūnlū court of Yaʿqūb who do not appear in the Chaghatay Majālis al-nafāʾis of Mīr ʿAlī Shīr.

Keywords: Āq Qoyūnlū poet; Chaghatay; ethical masnavīs; Hasht bihisht; Salāmān va Absāl; Yaʿqūb



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