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Joseph Seniri’s Commentary in Context: The Exegetical Tradition in Provence

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Chapter Summary

In order to account for the Joseph Seniri's commentary's form and content, this chapter examines its organization, the exegetical methods employed to solve lexicographical, syntactical or consistency problems raised by the text, and its relationship to Midrash. The exegesis of the historical books in the chapter is literalist; its main objective is to clarify the biblical text. The chapter focuses on strictly linguistic aspects, whether morphological, syntactical, or lexical. The style is extremely sober and concise; only passages commenting on poetry or dealing with problems of chronology are more developed. Seniri employs three different methods to ensure that the words of the biblical text are understood: a Hebrew paraphrase, the Aramaic Targum and vernacular words. Like David Qimḥi, Seniri tries to solve problems related to vocabulary and syntax, but also to inconsistencies in the text, whether within a verse, or a story, or between stories.

Keywords: Aramaic Targum; David Qimḥi; exegetical methods; historical books; Joseph Seniri's commentary



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