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Seniri, locuteur du provençal

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Chapter Summary

One of the most striking features of Joseph Seniri's commentary is the numerous leʿazim or vernacular glosses in Hebrew characters scattered throughout the text. This feature places Seniri in an exegetical tradition that was widespread in northern France and in Provence, during the Middle Ages. The Provençal glosses in Seniri's commentary can be divided into four categories, in which one can perceive a more precise intention than simply rendering the biblical text in a more understandable language: words documented in langue d'Oïl but not in Provençal; words derived from late Latin; verbs or nouns not documented but probable; and finally morphologic images of the Hebrew words. The majority of glosses appearing in Seniri's exegesis are the vestiges of the Jewish Provencal "Vulgate", a rather old translation that conveys many archaisms and seeks to echo the Hebrew text. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: biblical text; exegetical tradition; Hebrew text; Joseph Seniri's commentary; Provençal glosses

10.1163/9789004255920_006
/content/books/b9789004255920_006
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