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L’Imprimerie Ebüzziya et l’art d’imprimer dans l’Empire ottoman à la fin du XIXe siècle

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Chapter Summary

The Hamidian era (1876-1908), an appropriate time until recently by the general historiography of the Ottoman Empire by its only appearance of political absolutism actually reflects a cultural modernization in Ottoman society. Administrative reform and military business for over half a century was followed by Abdul Hamid II. The most dramatic progress of his reign is thus achieved in the field of public education. The foundation of a modern printing with imported machinery from Germany requires a considerable investment. The author collects information on the economic resources of Ebuzziya Tevfik. To find quantitative information on the production of printing, one must look closely at the catalog of books in Turkish in Arabic script, the famous catalog Ozege, named for its compiler, which in turn contains more than 25,000 books in Ottoman Turkish published between 1729 and 1928. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Arabic script; cultural modernization; Ebuzziya Tevfik; modern printing; Ottoman Empire; political absolutism; public education



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