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VI. Eastern Africa

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Chapter Summary

A new guarded optimism for the slow resurrection of relatively normal conditions in Somalia, after two decades of general turmoil and the absence of any modern state structures, began to emerge, although threats by radical Islamist groups were by no means yet fully eliminated. The sub-region's macro-economic performance was again quite mixed and, considering the persistent global financial and economic crisis conditions, moderately satisfactory, although in most cases Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth was somewhat lower than in the preceding year. Both Sudan and South Sudan experienced a very difficult year, largely as a result of their hostile confrontation in the aftermath of their separation and South Sudan gaining its independence in July 2011. The political situation in Ethiopia was exposed to an unforeseen drama by the sudden death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who had for over two decades been the single dominant figure of the ruling authoritarian regime.

Keywords: Eastern Africa; Ethiopia; Somalia; South Sudan



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