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VII. Southern Africa

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Chapter Summary

The Southern African sub-region once again benefitted from a year with comparatively little violence and civil unrest. However, the Marikana massacre carried out by police forces against miners on a wildcat strike in a South African platinum mine sent shock waves through the sub-region and beyond. All 12 countries in the sub-region were among the 15 members of Southern African Development Community (SADC), the other three being the DRC, Seychelles and Tanzania. Madagascar remained excluded from SADC meetings because its membership had been suspended since the coup in 2009 in response to the still unresolved unconstitutional change of government. Little progress was recorded with regard to SADC mediation towards a political solution of the stalemate in Zimbabwe, while the authoritarian Swaziland monarchy continued to show its preference for repressive rule. In violation of its own normative legal framework, SADC leaders continued to dismantle its tribunal.

Keywords: Madagascar; Namibia; Southern African Development Community (SADC); Swaziland; Zimbabwe



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