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4. The Hegelian Theory of Measure and Value as ‘Essence’

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with 'measure' in order to follow the development of Hegel's thinking. The states of the substrate not only differ by virtue of their quantitative aspect. They also differ from one another by their quality. The negation of the substrate is one of the main logical categories in Hegel's work. He calls this category 'essence', and devotes to it the second part of the Science of Logic. Essence is therefore a 'negative and absolute unity' that is 'self-determined', that is to say, it is 'nothing' at the level of Being and cannot be part of the immediate Objectivity. The analysis results in a definition of value that is very close, if not identical, to Hegelian 'essence'. A question, however, arises: if value is essence and essence is 'nothing', how can value be 'labour'? Labour-value is a requirement of the subject faced with the object.

Keywords: Hegelian essence; Hegelian theory; labour-value; Science of Logic



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