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5. The Theoretical and Political Presuppositions of National‘Autonomy’

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses that the 'Eurocentric' residues in Marx were effectively overcome when he ceased to identify capitalist development and the presence of an internationally homogeneous working class with the conditions of the 'liberation' of the oppressed peoples and ceased to subordinate the latter to the activity of the Western- European proletariat. On the contrary, Marx began to see the possibility that the struggles of these peoples could upset the stability of the world capitalist order, even within Europe itself. The disdainful references to the 'idiocy of village life' gave way to a reappraisal of the role of the peasantry and communal structures that had existed prior to the capitalist penetration of the soil in Western Europe, but were still alive in South-Eastern Europe and Russia. The theoretical and political presuppositions from which the 'autonomy' of the Latin-American region could have been understood, then, did exist in Marx's thought.

Keywords: autonomy; capitalist development; Latin-America; Marx; political presuppositions; theoretical presuppositions



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