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Appendix 1. Rosa Luxemburg and the ‘Crisis’ of Marxism

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Chapter Summary

The materialist science of Marx, in its role as the critical and revolutionary science of the proletariat, can by no means constitute a closed theoretical system. This is not because Marx did not have enough time to finish it, but because the very idea of 'closing' is foreign to the struggle of the proletarian class and thus to Marx's scientific agenda. This was, rather, in Rosa Luxemburg's words, 'a method of investigation, as a few inspired leading thoughts, which offer us glimpses into the entirely new world, which open us to endless perspectives of independent activity, which wing our spirit for bold flights into unexplored regions'. The 'crisis of Marxism' implies not the crisis of a paradigm as much as the crisis of a type of political activity based on accepting the separation between 'economics' and 'politics', the dichotomy between 'politics' and 'the social' and between 'theory' and 'practice'.

Keywords: crisis of Marxism; proletariat; Rosa Luxemburg



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