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3. Red Army Health Services in Jiangxi and on the Long March, 1927–1936

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the Red Army healthcare practices that took shape in Jiangxi in the largest of the early Chinese Communist base areas, and during the Long March. Although the Jiangxi base area was tiny compared with the areas for which the Nationalist government's national health administration (NHA) was responsible, its problems were comparable to those of the much larger NHA areas. They included epidemic diseases, malnutrition, lack of hygiene and sanitation, reliance on Gods for relief from disease, lack of biomedically trained individuals, and policies often adverse to the welfare of soldiers and ordinary people. The chapter examines the innovations in healthcare undertaken by Red Army leaders in Jiangxi and the problems that they encountered. The Long March from Jiangxi began in October 1934 and continued for some marchers until late in 1936. Fighting began early and escalated at times into brutal conflicts.

Keywords: Jiangxi base area; Long March; national health administration (NHA); Red Army leaders



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