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6. Public Health Amid the Turmoil of War, 1938–1949

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Chapter Summary

By the end of 1937, the modern public health movement in China was in crisis. The eruption of hostilities with the Japanese military in July 1937 forced an immediate change in the work of the national health administration (NHA). To deal with the crisis caused by Japanese military invasion, the government linked the NHA and the army medical administration (AMA) into a Combined Health Services Ministry under the leadership of Dr. Liu Ruiheng. The NHA budget for 1939 showed that the epidemic prevention corps had now the largest centrally managed health services budget, with the next largest sums going to the Narcotics Bureau and the highway health station corps. The NHA was now one of three major government systems concerned with healthcare in time of war, the other two being the AMA and the Chinese red cross medical relief corps (CRCMRC).

Keywords: army medical administration (AMA); CRCMRC; Dr. Liu Ruiheng; national health administration (NHA); public health movement



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