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9 Antisthenes and Odysseus, and Paul at War

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Chapter Summary

Paul's use of military imagery in 2 Cor 10:3-6 deserves closer attention than it has received. Paul's description of one feature of the defensive fortification as a "raised rampart" belongs to the military science of siegecraft. Antisthenes's Odysseus is the prototype of one kind of Cynic who becomes well known in later centuries. Military imagery to describe the sage's life became popular especially among Stoics, and particularly in the early Empire. Antisthenes's other use of military imagery-to describe the philosopher's dress-appears in the later philosophers. Paul is like the Cynics in describing his manner of life, which for them was symbolized by their garb, as weapons, and by relating them to God. He differs radically from them, however, in that his confidence is not in himself but in God's power.

Keywords: Antisthenes's Odysseus; military imagery; Paul

10.1163/9789004256521_011
/content/books/b9789004256521_011
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