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The Preaching of the Almohads: Loyalty and Resistance across the Strait of Gibraltar

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Chapter Summary

The author identifies traces of the positive and negative reception of these homiletic messages on both sides of the Strait of Gibraltar, and interrogates the extent to which the distinctive elements of the Almohad khuṭba fostered unity or disunity between Muslim Iberia and the Maghrib. The imposition of Berber as an official liturgical language to be used in the delivery of the canonical Friday and festival khuṭbas was one of the signature features of the preaching of the Almohads. The Almoravids also inserted effusive praises of Muḥammad into the prelude of their khuṭbas. Ibn Tūmart's one-word attributive dedicated to Muḥammad, "almubashshir", contrasts with these laudative phrases because of its extreme brevity. The "well-known khuṭba" was preached in Arabic and in Berber every Friday and feast day in the mosques of Cordoba, Seville, Fez, Marrakesh, and elsewhere on both sides of the Strait.

Keywords: Almohad Khuṭba; Berber; Ibn Tūmart; Muḥammad; Strait of Gibraltar



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