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“The Types of Wisdom Are Two in Number”: Judah ibn Tibbon’s Quotation from the Iḥyā’ ‘ulūm al-Dīn

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Chapter Summary

This chapter vindicates a footnote showing how Judah worked both with and against the grain of previous Andalusi grammatical and translatorial practices in his capacity as a lexicographer and in connection with his literary assertion of his exilic identity. Judah Ibn and Samuel translated from both classical Arabic and Judaeo- Arabic into Hebrew, and Samuel did only a minimum of original composition in Judaeo-Arabic. The thematic consistency of the imagery and the highlighting of its distinct aspects demonstrate Judah's selection of a pair of Hebrew words that is logical, static and consistent. This history, fabricated though it is, ties the work of al-Ghazālī to the Almohads and necessarily colored the reception of the work in al-Andalus and by Andalusis. Judah used his background as a lexicographer to craft terms for the knowledge of this world and knowledge of the next world that would have resonated with a Jewish audience.

Keywords: Al-Ghazālī; Andalusis; Judaeo-Arabic culture; Judah Ibn



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