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Integration or Disintegration? The Roman Army in the Third Century a.d.

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Chapter Summary

In the third century AD the Roman military forces were not disintegrating into regional armies that were completely strangers to one another. The military middle cadre, an important factor within the Roman armies, was not a force for disintegration in the third century. The Roman armed forces came from many parts of the empire and the most important field armies counted detachments from many of those parts, which had to work together through years on end. These factors normally compensated for the material regional interests any troops might have, but not so in A.D. 260-274. In those years serious military situations at practically all borders forced the emperors to accept a continuation of the Imperium Galliarum in the West, and of Palmyrene power in the East.

Keywords:military middle cadre; regional armies; Roman military forces

10.1163/9789004256675_013
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