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The Ancient Topography of Epicnemidian Locris

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the ancient topography of Epicnemidian Locris, its frontiers, its total area in Antiquity. The largest polis of Epicnemidian Locris, Thronium, with perhaps c.142.664sq km, is comparable with Cleonae or Phlius in the Peloponnese or the medium-sized Boeotian poleis such as Haliartus, Coroneia, Copae or Lebadeia. The longitudinal or transverse valleys of Epicnemidian Locris enable us to differentiate a series of areas within the region into which topographical description is divided. To sum up, in the western part of Epicnemidian Locris, between the Middle Gate of Thermopylae and the left bank of the river Latzorema, are three settlements: Psylopyrgos/Alponus, Roumelio-Platanakos/Nicaea and Paliokastro Anavras. To deepen our knowledge of the size and distribution of the Epicnemidian settlements we can apply the models developed in the field of Spatial Archaeology to Epicnemidian Locris, in particular the nearest neighbour model.

Keywords: Epicnemidian Locris; polis; Thermopylae; Thronium; topography



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