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The Roman Period: From 146BC to Justinian

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Chapter Summary

Most of the studies of the period accept Procopius' reference to Justinian I ordering his logothete Alexander "Psalidios" to restore the defences in Central Greece, including the fortifications in Thermopylae, around AD540. These had been damaged by the earthquake at Corinth in AD522, allowing the Onogurs to pass through Thermopylae in AD539. The significance of the sea route in Roman times is proved by Itinerarium Antonini (route 328), derived from an itinerarium maritimum, the source of which is a Periplus Miliasmus of Sterea Hellas. Epicnemidian Locris is mentioned in a scholium written by Arethas of Caesarea concerning the Avar-Slav invasions during the reign of Maurice. It was added by the archbishop himself in the margins of the Dresden manuscript written in 932, which contains the patriarch Nicephoros' Chronicle (806-817). This period saw the beginning of the decline of the countryside that continued until the tenth century.

Keywords: Epicnemidian Locris; Justinian; Roman period; Thermopylae



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