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Influence of Arabic Poetry on the Composition and Dating of Fulfulde Jihad Poetry in Yola (Nigeria)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents initial results from the investigation of the jihad poetry composed in Fulfulde which is now available in Yola, Nigeria, and is dubbed the Yola collection. It gives a brief introduction to the main poet, Usman dan Fodio, and his contemporaries. The chapter gives some comments on the use and status of the Yola collection in present-day Nigeria. It further provides an overview of the use of the Arabic script to write Fulfulde, and describes the influence of Arabic poetic techniques on the composition and dating of the Fulfulde poems in the Yola collection. The chapter presents investigation of Usman dan Fodio's poems in Fulfulde. The use of taḫmīs, i.e. the Arabic technique of a second author enlarging a poem, which results in a muḫammasa 'an enlarged poem of five lines', is integrated as hammisaande poems in Fulfulde poetry.

Keywords: Arabic script; Fulfulde poems; hammisaande poems; muḫammasa; Nigeria; taḫmīs; Usman dan Fodio; Yola



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