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Intelsat: Pre and Post-Private Equity Ownership

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the ramifications of the structural alterations of International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (INTELSAT), which especially affect developing countries, since more than 90 developing countries remain largely dependent on INTELSAT for their telecommunications needs. It begins with a review of the historical development of INTELSAT, including a critical analysis of relevant US legislation, such as the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (Satellite Act) and the subsequently-enacted Open-market Re-organisation for the Betterment of International Telecommunications Act (ORBIT Act). The chapter assesses the effectiveness of International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (ITSO) in addressing issues related to universal access. It considers a number of developments following INTELSAT's privatisation and their impact on the continued availability of universal access to satellite services. The chapter concludes that from the perspective of developing countries with inequitable access to communications services, INTELSAT seems unlikely to reduce disparity.

Keywords: Communications Satellite Act; communications services; International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (INTELSAT); International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (ITSO); ORBIT Act



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