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II The Evolution of the Armed Conflict: 2011–2012

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Chapter Summary

The UN Commission of Inquiry (CoI) gathered information on the structure and composition of the Qadhafi military and thuwar groups to &t;obtain a better understanding of the armed forces involved during the conflict and identify specific military or security units involved in specific incidents constituting violations. The information in this chapter provides a roadmap to help identify those individuals and groups responsible for the atrocities carried out during the Armed Conflict. The thuwar were groups organized for the most part independently, without any guiding central authority, and only some groups had organized command structures. Students from Benghazi were described as armed Qadhafi loyalists on the streets in specially-equipped &t;four-wheel-drive cars with Qadhafi's photos on the doors and windows.&t; Numerous challenges emerged in the wake of the conflict, some of which stemmed from past grievances, were a direct outgrowth of war, or the result of the shortcomings of the interim government.

Keywords:armed conflict; Benghazi; Qadhafi forces; thuwar forces



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