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XIII Tripoli

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Chapter Summary

Tripoli became the launching pad for various battles during the civil war, including in the military theaters of Zawiyya and Misrata. Various thuwar groups from different theaters of war took part in the advance on Tripoli. The factual record contains substantial evidence indicating that both Qadhafi forces and thuwar committed acts amounting to unlawful killing in Tripoli. The suspected Qadhafi loyalists were attacked, arbitrarily detained, killed, tortured and ill-treated, had their property attacked and were forced to sign false confessions. That Sub-Saharan African women were sexually assaulted and in some cases raped by thuwar upon their arrest and in detention centers in Tripoli, including Tawaysha holding center. Reports also indicate that when thuwar forces did not unlawfully kill Tawerghans, they often abused them by taking them to detention facilities where they were tortured and subjected to other forms of ill-treatment.

Keywords:Misrata; Qadhafi; Tawerghans; thuwar; Tripoli; Zawiyya



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