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Prohibition of the Destruction of Cultural Property in International Treaty Law

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an overview on the development of the international legal framework protecting cultural property from destruction during armed conflict and peacetime. First, a short overview on the historical development is presented. Then, the main treaties of international humanitarian law and international cultural property law are discussed. The focus of the analysis lies on the scope of application, the definition of cultural property, the protection of cultural property as well as violations or breaches of the respective treaty. The chapter discusses the 1899 and 1907 Hague Conventions, the 1948 Genocide Convention, the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1954 Hague Convention, 1972 World Heritage Convention, 1977 Additional Protocols, the 1999 Second Hague Protocol, and the 2003 UNESCO Declaration.

Keywords:1948 Genocide Convention; 1949 Geneva Conventions; 1977 Additional Protocols; 2003 UNESCO Declaration; cultural property; Hague Conventions; international cultural property law; international humanitarian law; World Heritage Convention



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