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XI Inscriptions

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Chapter Summary

Synagogue inscriptions are found either carved on stone architectural fragments such as lintels, column bases and chancel screens, or worked into mosaic pavements; a few are painted on plaster. Most of the inscriptions can be classified in one of several groups: dedicatory, literary, unique inscriptions, explanatory inscriptions, and inscriptions citing biblical verses. The common form of the inscription frame was the tabula ansata; other forms were circular and rectangular. This chapter talks about three exceptional inscriptions: the Theodotus inscription from Jerusalem, the Qazion inscription and the List of the twenty-four priestly courses found in several sites. Epithets and appellations appear on some dedicatory inscriptions found in synagogues. The amulets are usually incantations, and particularly personal prayers to be recited by individuals with some urgent problem, in contrast to the communal prayer in the synagogue.

Keywords:amulets; dedicatory inscription; explanatory inscriptions; inscriptions citing biblical verses; literary inscription; mosaic pavement; synagogue inscriptions; unique inscriptions



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