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Supplement: Qazion—A Galilean Riddle

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Chapter Summary

A monumental complex of structures at Qazion (Kh. Keis?n ) in the Upper Galilee and a late 2nd-early 3rd century CE Greek inscription found among its ruins have intrigued scholars for over a century. Rachel Hachlili and Ann E. Killebrew agree that the Qazion complex, and especially the large monumental building, could not have served as a synagogue, they have reached differing conclusions regarding its purpose and function: either (1) a late second - early third century CE Jewish cultic space and community centre erected by priestly families, after their relocation in the Galilee following the Jewish revolts against Rome, or (2) a complex that served as a public gathering place, probably an open-air sanctuary, constructed, at least in part, to honor the Roman imperial family. The few finds recovered during the excavations include pottery of the Roman and Mamluk periods, a few coins, and some stone and metal items.

Keywords:Galilee; Greek inscription; monumental building; Qazion complex



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