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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents facts concerning nominal inflection, including sections dedicated to adjectives and their degrees of comparison, pronouns, and indeclinable words. The nominal inflection of Avestan is inherited from the inflectional processes of Indo-European, by way of Indo-Iranian. Avestan morphology immediately reveals a close relationship to Vedic, the oldest attested stage of Indic. Root nouns constitute an important and archaic class of nouns, characterized by the fact that the stem is equal to the root. The function of the adjective is expressed through its position and agreement in the sentence, as well as by the semantics of its formative suffix. The possessive pronouns for the 1st and 2nd persons are attested in OAv. alone, while the gen. of the corresponding personal pronouns assumes the functions of the possessive in YAv. Avestan possesses five moods, each of which has its own meaning, and which are expressed through special formations.

Keywords: adjective; moods; morphology; nominal inflection; possessive pronouns; root nouns



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