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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the details that concern the functioning of the constituent elements in the phrase. An important feature is agreement of the with a verb in the singular, which is constistent in OAv., but only sporadic in YAv. The nominative is the case of the subject, as well as the case of any predication that refers to the subject. The genitive is the case of nominal dependency, and thus serves to express an enormous range of functions. The ablative is used especially with verbs of salvation, purification, and protection. The present and aorist subjunctive indicate an action that has not yet been initiated, and which will be actualized only if certain conditions hold. Not all Young Av. texts represent the same phase of the language. Indeed, they were composed in a living language, subject to the same processes of change as any other language.

Keywords: living language; number; syntax; verbal moods



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