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1 Introduction

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Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book Aposynagogos and the Historical Jesus in John: Rethinking the Historicity of the Johannine Expulsion Passages, which designates collectively the Johannine aposynagogos passages (John 9:22, 12:42, 16:2). Johannine aposynagōgos passages contain the earliest extant uses of the word ἀποσυνάγωγος, an adjective that might be most woodenly translated as "from-synagogue". J. Louis Martyn proceeded to generalize two-level reading strategy to the entirety of John's Gospel. The book presents a general overview of how modern scholarship has construed the relationship between John's Gospel and the historical Jesus, then develops a scheme for describing scholarship on the aposynagōgos passages published subsequent to Martyn's History and Theology. The classic Martynian tradition argues that the aposynagōgos passages allegorically describe the late first-century expulsion of at least part of the Johannine community, in most articulations due to implementation of the Birkat ha-Minim.

Keywords: Birkat ha-Minim; historical Jesus; J. Louis Martyn theology; Jesus; Johannine aposynagōgos passages; John's Gospel

10.1163/9789004257795_002
/content/books/b9789004257795_002
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