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3 Experiential Constructions in Classical Latin

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a survey of experiential constructions in Classical Latin. It provides a comprehensive description of all the relevant argument structures and characterizes them in semantic terms. The chapter establishes which inherent and relational properties turn out to be grammatically relevant. It explores the factors in play that may determine the choice of a given case, motivate alternation in argument realization, influence the relative order of the arguments concerned or lead to oppositions in verbal voice marking. The chapter examines the two inverted patterns attested in Latin, namely the DATEXP - NOMSTIM argument structure, an option which is very common in a number of ancient Indo-European languages especially with the verb for '(dis)like' and the so-called 'double dative' construction. The chapter concludes that Classical Latin should be assigned the status of a predominantly generalizing language.

Keywords: Classical Latin; experiential constructions; Indo-European languages; semantic terms



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