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Alexander the Great and Iskander Dhuʾl-Qarnayn: Memory, Myth and Representation of a Conqueror from Iran to South East Asia through the Eyes of Travel Literature

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Chapter Summary

Travel literature represents an important and invaluable aid in discerning the issues involved in the impact of Alexander on Eastern populations at social and cross-cultural levels. Clearly, this genre of literature offers a vivid picture of how local populations perceived Alexander and related to him. This chapter provides evidence of this phenomenon in the wide geographical area between Iran and Sumatra. Iskander Dhuʾl-Qarnayn represents not only the mark of quality and wonder, both with regard to works made by humans and those made by nature, but he also creates real lieux de mémoire, with which local people can build their own identity or affirm it in the face of other groups. Travel literature is a useful tool for all those who are interested in the influence of Alexander on culture.

Keywords: Alexander; Iskander Dhuʾl-Qarnayn; Travel literature



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