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Chapter Summary

This bibliography contains a list of primary and secondary reference materials to explain how medieval and early modern commentators of the Bible were for centuries able to use the natural sciences to demonstrate the historicity of biblical miracles. From the high Middle Ages, Bible commentators such as Albertus Magnus and Alonso Tostado made extensive use of the knowledge available in their times about zoology, medicine and astronomy to explain the wonders of revelation and to defend their historical basis. Even with the advent of modern Biblical criticism and in the age of Enlightenment, as is shown here in detail, their arguments were valid enough to refute critics like Spinoza, Isaac de la Peyrère and Voltaire. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: biblical miracles; early modern commentators; medieval commentators; natural sciences



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