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Influences in Luther’s Reforms

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Chapter Summary

Influences on Martin Luther, beginning with the tough discipline of Hans and Margaretta, followed by rigorous studies in university and monastery and capped by his dependence upon the powerful work of the Holy Spirit through God's Word produced a man whose influence subsequently reformed the church and education. Luther's culture included superstitions of medieval Catholicism and the devil's dark realm. Luther's education emphasized scholastic philosophy and theology. However, he later exited scholasticism to become its strongest critic. Humanism brought classical anthropology, including form, style and substance, from the Renaissance to the Reformation. Erasmus, Luther, and Melanchthon were key formulators of Christian humanism. Through his Christocentric approach Luther emphasized the issues of humility, pride, judgment, trust, and one's personal relationship with God. Humanism's work-ad fontes-provided him an authentic foundation in Scripture and the teachings of true Catholicism in the church fathers.

Keywords: Christian humanism; God; Martin Luther; medieval Catholicism; scholastic philosophy



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