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Pastoral Education in the Wittenberg Way

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reveals how four Wittenberg students continued their instructors' emphasis on exposition of the biblical text within the framework of pastoral concern for the life of repentance and the forgiveness of sins. Martin Luther had grown up with an expression of Christianity which relied on human performance of good works, chiefly the sacred works prescribed in the rituals of worship and daily life, to maintain the relationship between the sinner and God. Philip Melanchthon's vision for the educational reforms of biblical humanism merged with and grew from Luther's vision for reform in church and theological faculty. Melanchthon's vision of theological education materialized in a "plan for the studies of a student of theology", composed around 1529, widely circulated in manuscript before its initial publication in 1537. Theological learning undoubtedly followed a similar path at most universities staffed by Luther's and Melanchthon's students.

Keywords: biblical text; Christianity; Martin Luther; pastoral education; Philip Melanchthon; Wittenberg



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