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Type, Anti-type, and the Sensus Literalis: Protestant Reformed Orthodox Approaches to Psalm 2

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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates that two Reformed Protestant exegetes, Franciscus Junius (1545-1602) and William Ames (1576-1633), maintained basic continuity with the Thomistic exegetical tradition on the nature of the literal sense of Scripture, but in carrying Thomas' premises forward, they represent a trajectory of discontinuity and development. Junius and Ames rejected the threefold spiritual senses as separate senses of Scripture in favor of a unified composite sense historically grounded in the type and anti-type, thereby integrating a materially similar hermeneutics as the medieval tradition, while formally enfolding what was known as the spiritual sense into a single composite sense. For example, in their exposition of Psalm 2, both utilize the same threefold schema to explain the general approaches to Psalm 2 in the history of exegesis. Although their exegetical methods are noticeably and strikingly different, the almost plain similarity of their exegetical results is certainly noteworthy as well.

Keywords: Franciscus Junius; Psalm 2; spiritual senses; Thomistic exegetical tradition; William Ames



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