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Christology, Greco-Roman Religious Piety, and the Pseudonymity of the Pastoral Letters

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reevaluates the role of Christology in the Pastorals and explores the light that comparative analysis sheds on issues of the authenticity and the Sitz im Leben of pastoral letters. Analysis of the Pastorals has suffered from a lack of Christological consideration. The main concern of the Pastorals is to instruct parishioners about social conformity. The title Χριστὸς Ἰησοῦς and soteriology are intimately connected in the Pastorals. The language of ἐπιφανεία is used in the first century of the appearing of Greco-Roman deities. In the final analysis, comparison with imperial epiphany language and Greco-Roman redemptive religious piety and soteriology readily points to a first generation Sitz im Leben and concerns consistent with the challenges that a church in the imperial temple-warden city of Ephesus would face.

Keywords: christology; Greco-Roman religious milieu; pastoral letters



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