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Open Access 3. ‘Queen Wilhelmina, Mother of the Mentawaians’: The Dutch National Anthem in Indonesia and as Part of the Music Culture of Siberut

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3. ‘Queen Wilhelmina, Mother of the Mentawaians’: The Dutch National Anthem in Indonesia and as Part of the Music Culture of Siberut

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Chapter Summary

On the 10th of May 1932, the Wilhelmus officially became the Dutch national anthem. This chapter begins with a 'social life' of the Wilhelmus in Indonesia with an account of one such unexpected musical encounter, which happened long after Indonesian independence. Songs are the most important element in the music culture of the people of Siberut. From the initial settlement in Sikakap, the colonial administration expanded its influence into the other islands of the Mentawai Archipelago, towards Sipora and Siberut. The little amount of attention for the Wilhelmus is somewhat surprising given that the song was a more or less compulsory element for the celebration of Queen Wilhelmina's birthday, and after 1932, when the Wilhelmus also became the official national anthem in the Dutch East Indies, the song must have been played and sung many thousands of times during official occasions, at military parades, and so on.

Keywords: Mentawai Archipelago; Muara Siberut; music culture; Queen Wilhelmina; Wilhelmus

10.1163/9789004258594_004
/content/books/b9789004258594_004
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
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