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Open Access Iconography of the Late East Javanese temple reliefs

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Iconography of the Late East Javanese temple reliefs

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Chapter Summary

The narrative reliefs on the East Javanese temples are characterized by new styles and iconographical conventions, related to but distinct from those in the earlier Central Javanese period. During the late East Javanese period, art develops even more specific new features. The cap-figure is one such new iconographical feature, another one the kadeyan type. Knowledge of iconographical conventions in the narrative depictions provides the basis to identify the motifs and to interpret the narrative scenes. The characters in temple reliefs and their social status are defined through iconographical detail. Two figures with specific iconographic features, often depicted together with Panji, are the kadeyan and the panakawan. The author refers to example of so-called Kertolo statues. Two typical examples of depictions which feature kadeyan: in the relief of Gambyok and in the statues of Grogol are also discussed.

Keywords: cap-figure; East Javanese temple reliefs; iconographical conventions; kadeyan; Kertolo statues; panakawan; Panji; relief of Gambyok; statues of Grogol



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