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Open Access Candi Surowono: Sidapaksa, a nobleman with a cap

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Candi Surowono: Sidapaksa, a nobleman with a cap

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Chapter Summary

The Sri Tanjung story was composed as a kidung and exists in a great variety of manuscripts. While the date of this story is not known, other depictions in temple reliefs such as on the Pendopo Terrace at Panataran convey that it was already popular by the fourteenth century. In the reliefs at Candi Surowono, Sidapaksa is depicted with a sharpedged, crescent-moon shaped, and large cap with some curls of hair being visible. He has all the iconographic features which characterize him as a nobleman: a long loincloth with a sash, bracelets, and earrings. The Sri Tanjung reliefs featuring a nobleman with a cap interact in a specific way with the Arjunawiwaha reliefs and the Bubukshah reliefs in order to convey a certain message. The Tantric doctrine of the union with the Divine is combined with a focus on the exorcist aspect of purification.

Keywords: Arjunawiwaha reliefs; Bubukshah reliefs; Candi Surowono; Pendopo Terrace; Sidapaksa; Sri Tanjung story; Tantric doctrine



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