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4Ezra and 2Baruch in Light of Qumran Literature

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Chapter Summary

The variety of contacts between the Qumran library and the later apocalyptic works composed in Hebrew, 4Ezra, and 2Baruch, suggests an ongoing Hebrew literary tradition of apocalyptic writing, apparently at home in the land of Israel, during the centuries before and immediately after destruction of Second Temple, from 200bce to around 100ce. In addition, it points to numerous contacts between the Qumran documents and later apocalyptic compositions. Especially significant are the links uncovered regarding the common notion of time adopted by 4Ezra and 2Baruch and various Qumran texts. This chapter examines 4Ezra and 2Baruch in light of Qumran's rich depository of apocalyptic and other traditions. It shows that much is to be gained from a careful and thorough perusal of 4Ezra and 2Baruch in light of the Qumran library. Much remains in treasures of Qumran scrolls to illuminate a host of details in 4Ezra and 2Baruch, and awaits further research.

Keywords: 2Baruch; 4Ezra; apocalyptic works; destruction of Second Temple; Hebrew literary tradition; Qumran library



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