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The Otherworldly Mediators in 4Ezra and 2Baruch: A Comparison with Angelic Mediators in Ascent Apocalypses and in Daniel, Ezekiel, and Zechariah

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Chapter Summary

The otherworldly mediators that are found in Jewish apocalypses act as supporting characters within the narratives, guiding human seers on tours of heaven, interpreting visions, and answering the questions of bewildered visionaries. The figures of Uriel in 4Ezra and Ramiel in 2Baruch are no exceptions. However, a brief perusal of these two apocalypses reveals that Uriel and Ramiel function in a manner different from otherworldly mediators found in ascent apocalypses such as the Book of Watchers, 2Enoch, and the Apocalypse of Abraham. This chapter focuses on depiction of the otherworldly mediators Uriel and Ramiel rather than on 4Ezra and 2Baruch's "angelologies", or their overall depiction of angels. It examines the otherworldly mediators in two ascent apocalypses, the Book of Watchers and Apocalypse of Abraham. It then discusses Uriel in 4Ezra and Ramiel in 2Baruch. The chapter compares the 4Ezra and 2Baruch's angelic mediators with those in Daniel, Ezekiel, and Zechariah.

Keywords: 2Baruch; 4Ezra; angelic mediators; Apocalypse of Abraham; Book of Watchers; Daniel; Ezekiel; Jewish apocalypses; Zechariah



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