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Baruch as a Prophet in 2Baruch

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Chapter Summary

The themes and traditions of 2Baruch per se may prove that the shifting ideas of early Judaism were compatible with each other at the end of Second Temple period. As Matthias Henze has pointed out, the author of 2Baruch manages to harmonize two distinct strands of early Jewish thought, the Deuteronomic promise and apocalyptic promise, and he conflated the two central themes, the Torah and the eschatology, in one coherent book as well. This chapter attempts to understand the author's concept of prophecy, which harmonized different contemporaneous ideas. It summarizes how the prophetic character of Baruch embodies the author's ideas. The chapter takes into consideration the scriptural and the nearly contemporaneous sources of Judaism, early Christianity, and rabbinical movement in which the idea that Baruch was a scribe/prophet can be found. It then discusses what the author of 2Baruch might have thought about the prophecy and prophetic attributes of Baruch.

Keywords: 2Baruch; apocalyptic promise; Deuteronomic promise; Judaism; prophet; rabbinical movement; Second Temple period; Torah



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