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Enoch, Ezra, and the Jewishness of “High Christology”

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Chapter Summary

The proposal being advanced in this chapter is that at least since Daniel and almost surely earlier, there had been a tradition within Israel that saw God as doubled in the form of an old man and a younger human-like figure, sharing the divine throne. We find the same divine human figure in both the Similitudes of Enoch as well as in 4Ezra 13, where again the import of the image as a second anthropomorphic divine figure has been "suppressed" in the pesher to this vision as well. The essential point that author wishes to bring out is that in the Similitudes of Enoch, a Jewish writer of sometime in first century ce, makes extensive use of the term "Son of Man" to refer to a particular divine human, redeemer figure eventually incarnated in the figure of Enoch, thus exhibiting many of the elements that make up the Christ story.

Keywords: 4Ezra; Christology; divine human figure; Israel; Jewish writer; New Testament; Similitudes of Enoch; Son of Man

10.1163/9789004258815_018
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