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3. The Gospel of John and Philo of Alexandria

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Chapter Summary

Philo of Alexandria contain concepts, symbols and ideas, which have been brought forth to illuminate aspects of John. The primary question then is: In what ways can he illuminate the Gospel of John? The author's comparison of the Gospel of John and Philo of Alexandria focuses its attention more on the interpretative aspects than on the question of the pre-Johannine stages of the Gospel traditions. The chapter examines how aspects of Philo's writings, written during the first half of the first century C.E., can illuminate aspects of the Gospel of John, which was written during the last half of the first century C.E. It offers glimpses from British scholar C. H. Dodd's interpretation of the Gospel of John, since for him Philo of Alexandria provided the most important background material for the Gospel. The chapter also discusses the Sabbath observance, birth from above, the Temple, and ascent and descent.

Keywords: birth from above; C. H. Dodd; gospel of John; gospel traditions; interpretative aspects; Philo of Alexandria; Sabbath observance



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