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4. Gospel Traditions in Paul and John: Methods and Structures. John and the Synoptics

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Chapter Summary

Philo exemplifies how phrases and terms from the Scriptures and units of tradition could be utilized in new contexts, with or without the foundational texts and units of tradition being quoted. Correspondingly, Paul interprets words and phrases from the institution of the eucharist in an expository application. This chapter explores how Paul can throw light on John's use of Gospel traditions. Early Christianity is to be seen as a complex communitative fellowship. Both Paul and John fuse together traditions on the Lord's Supper and the manna of Exod 16, John 6:53-58 and 1 Cor 10:3-4; both associate the commission and the being sent with the appearance of the risen Lord, John 20:19-29 an 1 Cor 9 and 15. John's prologue closely parallels the Philippian hymn in 2:5-11. John is more "down to earth" though, giving the name "God" to the risen Jesus who appeared on earth in time and space.

Keywords: gospel traditions; John; Lord's Supper; Paul; Philo; Synoptics



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