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9. God’s Agent in the Fourth Gospel

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Chapter Summary

In his discussion of Christological ideas in the Fourth Gospel, C.H. Dodd finds that the status and function of the Son as God's delegated representative recalls the language of the Old Testament prophets. Certain peculiarities, such as the Son's complete and uninterrupted dependence on the Father and dualism between higher and lower spheres, suggest to him that this aspect of Jesus' human path is a projection of eternal relation of the Son and the Father upon field of time. According to John 12:45 God's agent mediates the vision of God: "he who sees me sees him who sent me". In John the agent from God is a heavenly figure and the only one who has seen God. Thus the ideas of heavenly figure who sees God and ascent/ descent are found in both Philo and John. Similarities on subject of agency have also been found between John and rabbinic halakah.

Keywords: fourth gospel; God's agent; heavenly figure; John; Old Testament prophets; philo; rabbinic halakah

10.1163/9789004258853_010
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