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2 Phonology

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Chapter Summary

Phonological words in Atong are stressed on their final syllable. Stress can be shifted to any other syllable for emphasis or contrastive purposes. Stress in Atong can be marked by all of acoustic variables and consonant lengthening. There are no phonemic long consonants in Atong. Coda consonants are lengthened optionally. This lengthening is one of the ways a speaker can assign stress to a syllable. No indeterminate vowel insertion is found between the phonetic elements of the affricates, hence they are phonological units. Moreover, although there are three series of stops, viz. voiced, plain voiceless and voiceless aspirated, one can find a voiced-voiceless opposition in the affricates, which is another argument in favour of treating them as phonological units. There are three types of morphophonological assimilation in Atong. The first type is progressive and obligatory, the second type is progressive and optional, and the third type is regressive and optional.

Keywords: Atong; consonants; morphophonological vowel assimilation; phonology



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