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3 Word Classes: An Overview

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Chapter Summary

The word classes are structural and not cognitive classes and should be established on the basis of or grammatical criteria and not on the basis of semantics. There is a division in Atong between roots that can occur in predicates and those that cannot. The word classes and their most important subclasses and propositional properties are illustrated in "Table" form. The sub-classes of the Predicative word class share syntactic, morphological and propositional properties. The different properties they have as head of a predicate are due, to a large part, to their denotation and for the other part to convention. The name Predicative word class is chosen because being able to function as predicate head is the only propositional function all subclasses have in common. There is no real word-class changing derivation in Atong. Charts are used as a tool to simplify explanations.

Keywords: Atong; grammatical criteria; predicates; semantics forms; word classes

10.1163/9789004258938_004
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