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13 Postpositions

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Chapter Summary

Postpositions are words that occur immediately after referential phrases that carry specific semantic-role enclitics. Postpositions indicate a relative spatial or temporal location that holds between the referential phrase and the predicate. There are five postpositions in Atong and each one is discussed separately section-wise. Their phonological status needs further study. The verbs in the predicates of the complement clauses do not take any other operator enclitics. Complement clauses of which the predicate head is factitive-marked do not usually take any semantic-role marking. Therefore they rely on another mechanism to determine whether the construction should be interpreted as a temporal Source or Goal. Negated verbs do not take the factitive enclitic, this is explained using an example. There is one recorded instance of a factitive complement clause taking semantic role marking to indicate that the event is a Goal.

Keywords: Atong; enclitics; phonological status; postpositions; referential phrases



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